Chapple, C.R. & MacDiarmid, S.A. (2002). Urodynamics Made Easy. New York: Churchill Livingstone.

Ganong, W.F. (1999). Review of Medical Physiology. Stamford: Appleton & Lange.

Hanno, P., Malkowicz, S., & Wein, A. Clinical Manual of Urology. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Kirshblum, S. (2002). Spinal Cord Medicine. Philadelphia: Lippincott.

Koldewijn EL, Hommes OR, Lemmens WA, Debruyne FM, van Kerrebroeck PE. Relationship between lower urinary tract abnormalities and disease-related parameters in multiple sclerosis. J Urol. 1995 Jul;154(1):169-73.

MacKenna, B.R. & Callander, R. (1997). Illustrated Physiology. New York: Churchill Livingstone.

Porth, C.M. (1998). Pathophysiology: Concepts of Altered Health States. Philadelphia: Lippincott.

Additional Web Resources

2 additional websites offer very helpful information.

We suggest:

The National Spinal Cord Injury Association (NCSIA)'s What's New in Spinal Treatment and Cure Research?

Spinal Cord Injury Information Network's