Clinical guidelines: Adult Urinalysis Screening. Nurse Practitioner, 20 (9): 55-6, 59.

Cook, R. (1995). Urinalysis. Nursing Standard, 9 (25): 32-7.

Corbett, J.V. (1992). Laboratory Tests and Diagnostic Procedures with Nursing Diagnoses. (3rd Edition) Norwalk, CT: Appleton & Lange, 59-86.

Fischback, F. (1996). A Manual of Laboratory and Diagnostic Tests. (5th Edition). Philadelphia: Lippincott, 147-252.

Hudson, D. (2006) Human Anatomy & Physiology. Walch Publishing

JKouba E, Wallen EM, Pruthi RS. (2007) Uroscopy by Hippocrates and Theophilus: prognosis versus diagnosis.
The Journal of Urology 2007 Jan;177(1):50-2.

Luigi Luciani (1913) Human Physiology: Internal secretion, digestion, excretion, the skin. Macmillan and Company

Mundt L.; Shanahan, K. (2010) Graff's Handbook of Urinalysis and Body Fluids (Edition 2. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Rosenfeld, L. (1999) Four Centuries of Clinical Chemistry. CRC Press

Siegenthaler, W. (2007) Differential Diagnosis in Internal Medicine: From Symptom to Diagnosis / Edition 1 Publisher: Thieme

Wellcome, Henry S. Sir, (1911) The evolution of urine analysis; an historical sketch of the clinical examination of urine.
Accessed online 3/13/2013 at