Exam & Evaluation (Hepatitis C: Prevention, Assessment & Treatment)
Questions: Please respond to following statements.
Hepatitis C (HCV) is the most common chronic bloodborne infection in the USA.
About 85 percent of untreated persons infected with HCV ultimately will develop chronic infection.
HCV related chronic liver disease usually takes about how long to develop?
one to two years
three to five years
five to ten years
ten to twenty years
Since 1992, what practice is attributed with reducing the number of new infections by 80%?
Use of condoms
Decrease illegal drug use
Vaccination of high risk populations
Blood banking practices including: donor screening, testing and virus inactivation
Injection drug use is a high risk factor for new HCV cases.
The blood supply and organ/tissue donations are 100% safe at present.
Cross-contamination due to failure to clean and disinfect contaminated equipment, supplies, and environmental surfaces is responsible for the increased risk of HCV among dialysis patients.
Healthcare workers have about the same rates of HCV infections as the general population.
Quantitative HCV-RNA tests detect the viral load.
Genotyping is necessary to help determine a plan for therapy.
The HCV genotype most common in the United States is:
Which of the following is considered a low risk for HCV transmission:
Received a transfusion of blood or blood components before 1992.
Ever had long term hemodialysis.
Recent blood transfusion.
Sex with a person infected with HCV.
Which of the following tests are definitive for HCV:
Liver enzyme tests
All of the above
Most people infected with HCV:
Show symptoms within 6-7 weeks.
Show symptoms within 6 months.
Show symptoms before 1 year.
Show symptoms only after many years.
Prevention measures should include:
Health education programs
Safe sexual practice
All of the above
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