Exam & Evaluation (HIV/AIDS Update for Nurses)
Questions: Please respond to following statements.
This course meets the Florida mandatory requirement, however the target audience includes health professionals from ALL states. For further info, please click on accredidation link on home page.
The human immunodeficiency virus enters a target cell by first attaching to a CD4 receptor molecule.
Flu-like symptoms are reported by 90% of patients during the acute phase of HIV infection.
Tests with high specificity produce few false positives.
A CD4 count of 400 is diagnostic for AIDS.
A previously HIV positive individual with a non-detectable HIV viral load is considered HIV negative.
Which rapid test can differentiate between HIV-1 and HIV-2
Clearview COMPLETE HIV 1/2
Reveal G-3 Rapid HIV-1 Antibody Test
MultiSpot HIV-1/HIV-2 Rapid Test
There are currently 4 classes of FDA approved anti-retroviral drugs.
Non-occupational post-exposure prophylaxis (nPEP) is highly recommended for prostitutes and chronic injection drug users.
HAART protocol should be delayed during pregnancy.
Which antiretroviral medication is known to cause birth defects, and should be avoided during pregnancy?
Hepatotoxicity and lactic acidosis are two severe side effects of anti-retroviral drugs.
The highest estimated per-act risk for acquisition of HIV is:
Transfusion of HIV infected blood
Receptive anal intercourse with HIV infected partner
Percutaneous needle stick from HIV infected patient
Receptive oral intercourse with HIV infected partner
Healthcare workers are only at risk for acquiring HIV infection through needlesticks.
Risk factors include the following:
Males having sex with males
Sexually transmitted diseases
All of the above
Heterosexual transmission is a higher risk for:
Equal for males and females
The current CDC HIV Testing Guidelines recommend:
Routine HIV testing ages 13-64 in all medical settings
Annual HIV testing for high risk persons
Pre-screening counseling not required
HIV screening as part of routine prenatal care
All of above
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