Exam & Evaluation (Multiple Sclerosis: Caring for the Patient)
Questions: Please respond to following statements.
All of the following statements are accurate regarding multiple sclerosis except:
MS is the most common neurological disease affecting young adults
MS occurs more often in men than in women
Nearly 400,000 Americans have MS
Caucasians are affected more often with MS than people of other racial groups
Which of the following countries would most likely have a high incidence of individuals with MS?
A person who moves to another part of the world after age fifteen retains the MS risk of his or her country of origin.
A period of increased disease activity occurring in MS is referred to as a (an):
In which areas of the central nervous system are MS plaques found?
All of the above
A disease that causes demyelination of axons in the peripheral nervous system is:
Guillian Barre syndrome
It is thought that MS develops in an individual with a genetic predisposition to the disease who is exposed to an agent that stimulates an abnormal immune response.
Increases in MS prevalence over the past decade are thought to be due to:
Longer life spans
Consistent diagnostic criteria
Technological advances such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
All of the above
Approximately 70% to 75% of persons with MS are diagnosed initially with which of the following forms of MS:
Which form of MS is characterized by progression of symptoms and disability without plateaus or remissions?
Having an MRI can establish a diagnosis of MS.
Which of the following statements is incorrect about MS symptoms?
Patients may have MS symptoms for months to years before diagnosis.
The more MS lesions are seen on an MRI, the more severe the clinical symptoms.
The severity of MS symptoms can vary from episode to episode in the same patient.
MS symptoms are often subjective.
All of the following factors are indicators of a less favorable MS prognosis except:
Disease onset before age 35
Frequent MS attacks
Which of the following activities increases MS associated fatigue symptoms?
Moderate aerobic exercise
Exposure to warm temperatures
Exposure to air-conditioning
Intravenous corticosteroids are never given for acute MS exacerbations.
Cognitive impairment of MS may be treated with Denepezil hydrochloride (Aricept), a medication commonly used in Alzheimer's disease.
The most common type of pain experienced by persons with MS is:
Low back pain
Imaginis.com offers information on the use of MRI to detect the presence of MS plaques. According to their info, CAT scans are just as good as MRI for diagnosing MS plaques.
Evoked potential tests measure electrical activity in certain areas of the brain in response to stimulation of specific sensory nerve pathways. These tests are often used to help make a diagnosis of MS. Which of the following evoked potential tests uses sounds to assist in the diagnosis of MS?
Brainstem Auditory Evoked Potentials
Visual Evoked Potentials
Sensory Evoked Potentials
Which of the following MS treatment drugs listed is administered by IV infusion?
The second attack of MS symptoms after diagnosis usually has little psychological impact on people with MS.
Axons not covered by myelin transmit nerve impulses more rapidly than myelinated axons.
MS related depression is thought to be caused by neurological changes in the brainís mood control center and by the stresses caused by the disease.
Early rehabilitation interventions can help patients continue to function effectively, especially in relapsing-remitting MS.
The primary problem caused by demyelination of the optic nerve is night blindness.
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