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Exam & Evaluation (Diabetes: Nutrition and Exercise Therapy)
 
Questions: Please respond to following statements.

1 Type 2 DM disrupts carbohydrate, protein and fat metabolism and results in hyperglycemia
True     False
2 Glucagon promotes the absorption of glucose by fat and skeletal muscle.
True     False
3 The prevalence gestational diabetes mellitus has increased ______ fold between 1991 and 2003.
  two
  three
  four
  five
4 20 grams of carbohydrates provides how many calories?
  40
  60
  80
  180
5 Blood glucose levels can be improved significantly when people with type 2 diabetes lose:
  1-3% of body weight
  2-4% of body weight
  5-6% of body weight
  7% of body weight
6 Insulin increases the liverís ability to release stored glucose.
True     False
7 Insulin promotes the entry of glucose into cells.
True     False
8 Insulin stimulates glycogen storage in the liver.
True     False
9 Insulin facilitates the entry of glucose into adipose tissue.
True     False
10 Insulin promotes the release of stored energy.
True     False
11 A rise in blood glucose after digesting foods containing carbohydrate is affected by:
  The gastric emptying rate
  Intestinal motility
  Insulin response and resistance
  All of the above
12 The most important concept for persons with diabetes to learn about sick day management is:
  To eat semi-soft foods and smaller, more frequent meals.
  To consume more fluids than usual.
  To decrease their activity level.
  To continue to take insulin or oral anti-diabetes agents.
13 One carbohydrate serving has how many grams of carbohydrate?
  10 grams
  15 grams
  20 grams
  30 grams
14 All of the following are examples of aerobic exercises except:
  Cycling
  Jogging
  Bowling
  Swimming
15 Which of the following are benefits of exercise for people with type 2 diabetes?
  A reduction in HbA1c levels
  Improved insulin sensitivity
  Decreased risk of coronary artery disease
  All of the above
16 The most common problem associated with exercise for people with diabetes is:
  Dehydration
  Muscle strain
  Respiratory distress
  Hypoglycemia
17 Which of the following exercises would be most appropriate for a diabetic person who has severe peripheral neuropathy in the lower extremities?
  Tennis
  Running
  Baseball
  Swimming
18 Which of these strategies can help prevent exercise associated risk?
  Avoid vigorous exercise when ketones are present
  Consume carbohydrate prior to exercise when blood glucose is <100 mg/dl.
  Monitor blood glucose before, during and after exercise.
  Avoid vigorous exercise in extreme environments.
  All of the above
19 Which of the following is NOT a symptom of hypoglycemia?
  headache
  impaired motor function
  sweating
  bradycardia
  hunger
  hypotension
  slowed problem solving
20 Which exercising diabetic is at greatest risk for hypoglycemia?
  Diet controlled type 2 diabetic
  Insulin controlled type 1 diabetic
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