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Exam & Evaluation (Hemodynamic Monitoring: An Introduction)
 
Questions: Please respond to following statements.

1 Hemodynamics are measured with which of the following?
  PA catheter
  IV catheter
  Urinary catheter
  Arterial catheter
2 The term hemodynamics describes:
  Intravascular volume
  Intropy
  Vasoactivity
  All of the above
3 Chronotropy is considered a hemodynamic parameter.
True     False
4 The blood received by the right atrium is:
  Hyperoxygenated
  Oxygen depleted
  Normally Oxygenated
  None of the above
5 Diastole refers to:
  The heart contracting
  Heart failure
  The heart at rest
  A myocardial infarction
6 During diastole all the heart valves are closed.
True     False
7 Atrial systole refers to:
  The heart at rest
  Artrial contraction and ejection of blood into the ventricles
  Heart failure
  A myocardial infarction
8 During atrial systole, the AV heart valves are closed.
True     False
9 Preload is a measure of
  ventricular end systolic volume
  ventricular end diastole volume
  atrial contraction
  atrial relaxation
10 When afterload increases, cardiac output decreases.
True     False
11 Indications for using a PA catheter are:
  Conditions of shock
  Evaluation of fluid status
  Evaluation of cardiac output
  All of the above
12 The thermistor port of the PA catheter measures:
  PCWP
  Pulmonary artery pressure
  Blood temperature
  BP
13 When the balloon is inflated, the distal port of the PA catheter measures:
  PCWP
  Pulmonary artery pressure
  Blood temperature
  BP
14 When the balloon is deflated, the distal port of the PA catheter measures:
  PCWP
  Pulmonary artery pressure
  Blood temperature
  BP
15 Nursing care of the patient with the PA catheter includes:
  Patient safety
  Assessing activity tolerance
  Site care
  All of the above
16 Noninvasive assessment of central venous pressures includes which of the following?
  Inspection of the neck for jugular venous distention.
  Auscultation of heart sounds.
  Chest percussion to determine heart size.
  Inspection of the chest for heaves.
17 When preparing to place an arterial line, which of the following tests is necessary?
  Hepatojugular reflex test
  Allen's test
  Pedal capillary refill test
  Pulse pressure test
18 In order to measure cardiac output via the thermodilution method, there must be a temperature difference between the blood and the injectate.
True     False
19 PA catheter migration may cause which of the following complications?
  Pulmonary infarcation
  Dysrhythmias
  Inaccurate measurements
  All of the above
20 The PA catheter balloon should always remain inflated and locked when not in use.
True     False
21 According to the London Health Sciences Critical Care website, solution for cardiac output measurement is injected while the patient is inhaling.
True     False
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