Otitis Media (OM), inflammation of the middle ear, is one of the most common pediatric medical problems in the United States.

Children often experience OM as a continuum of symptoms. The disease usually begins with an upper respiratory infection (URI). The infection then spreads to the middle ear (ME). The ME infection may cause distressing acute symptoms including fever, earache, ear drainage, hearing loss etc. or it may smolder for months with few symptoms. Often young children are unable to communicate symptoms, parents and caregivers must be on guard for the signs of OM.


Danishyar A, Ashurst JV. Acute Otitis Media. [Updated 2019 Jul 30]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2020 Jan-. Available from:

Chonmaitree T., Trujillo R., Jennings K.,  Alvarez-Fernandez P., Patel JA., Loeffelholz MJ., Nokso-Koivisto J., Matalon R., Pyles RB., Miller AL, and McCormick JP. (2016).