Respiratory and ENT Infections

Respiratory infections, including pneumonia, bronchitis, and croup, are common in children with Down syndrome. ENT infections, notably sinusitis and otitis media, are also prevalent in these children. Because of the immune system disorders previously discussed, prompt evaluation for antibiotic therapy is both appropriate and important. Working with children who have Down syndrome, the nurse may often be the first healthcare professional to notice signs of infection and guide the family to the primary care provider.