Type I diabetes

Type I diabetes, an autoimmune disorder, is more common in adults with Down syndrome. It is not uncommon to see both type 1 diabetes and hypothyroidism (both autoimmune disorders) in an individual with Down syndrome. Many adults with Down syndrome are able to monitor their own blood glucose levels and administer insulin injections. Others may need reminders and/or supervision, while some require direct nursing care.

Because good blood glucose control is so important in preventing complications of diabetes, adults with Down syndrome should never monitor their own blood glucose or administer their own insulin.