In general, solid tumors are less common in people with Down syndrome. However, men with Down syndrome are at a higher risk for testicular cancer. Beginning in adolescence, they should be taught to perform regular testicular self-examination and report abnormal results to the health care provider.
Annual testicular examinations by the health care provider are also important. Nurses can encourage self-exams by setting up a visual reminder system, ensuring that the client knows the correct procedure, and following up on a regular basis.