Allen, K. A. (2014). The neonatal nurse's role in preventing abusive head trauma. Adv Neonatal Care. 14(5), 336-42.

Altman, R.L., Canter, J., Patrick, P.A., Daley, N., Butt, N.K. & Brand, D.A. (2011). Parent education by maternity nurses and prevention of abusive head trauma. Pediatrics. 128(5), 1164-72.

Baerg, J., Thirumoorthi, A., Hazboun, R., Vannix, R., Krafft, P. & Zouros, A. (2017). Cervical spine injuries in young children: pattern and outcomes in accidental versus inflicted trauma. J Surg Res. 219, 366-373.

Barr, R. G. (2014). Crying as a trigger for abusive head trauma: A key to prevention. Pediatric. Radiology, 44, 59 -64.

Barr, R. G., Rajabali, F., Aragon, M., Colbourne, M. & Brant, R. (2015). Education about crying in normal infants is associated with a reduction in pediatric emergency room visits for crying complaints. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 36, 252–257.

Barr, R. G., Rivara, F. P., Barr, M., Cummings, P., Taylor, J., Lengua, L. J. & Meredith-Benitz, E. (2009). Effectiveness of educational materials designed to change knowledge and behaviors regarding crying and shaken-baby syndrome in mothers of newborns: A randomized, controlled trial. Pediatrics, 123, 972–980.

Barr, R. G. (2012). Preventing abusive head trauma resulting from a failure of normal interaction between infants and their caregivers. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 109, 17294–17301.

Berger, R.P., Fromkin, J., Herman, B., Pierce, M.C., Saladino, R.A. & Flom, L. (2016). Validation of the Pittsburgh Infant Brain Injury Score for Abusive Head Trauma. Pediatrics.  138.

Blom, M. A., Van Sleuwen, B. E., De Vries, H., Engelberts, A. C. & L’Hoir, M. P. (2009). Health care interventions for excessive crying in infants: Regularity with and without swaddling. Journal of Child Health Care, 13, 161–176.

Boyd, M.D. (1998). Strategies for effective health teaching. In: Boyd, M., et al. Health Teaching in Nursing Practice, 3rd ed. Stanford, Conn.: Appleton & Lange, 201-228.

Caffey, J. (1972). The Parent-Infant Traumatic Stress (PITS) Syndrome: (Caffey-Kempe Syndrome) (Battered Babe Syndrome). Am J Roentgenology Radium Ther Nucl Med.114, 218-229.

Caffey, J. (1974). The Whiplash Shaken Infant Syndrome: Manual Shaking by the Extremities With Whiplash-Induced Intracranial and Intraocular Bleedings, Linked with Residual Permanent Brain Damage and Mental Retardation. Pediatrics 54, 396-403.

Hardcastle, N., Benzon, H.A. & Vavilala, M.S. (2014). Update on the 2012 guidelines for the management of pediatric traumatic brain injury-information for the anesthesiologist. Pediatr Anesth. 24, 703–10.

Jenny, C., Hymel, K.P., Ritzen, A, et al. (1999) Analysis of missed cases of abusive head trauma. JAMA 281, 621–626.

Joyce, T. & Heckler, M. (2018). Pediatric Abusive Head Trauma (Shaken Baby Syndrome) StatPearls.

Kadom, N., Khademian, Z., Vezina, G., Shalaby-Rana, E., Rice, A. & Hinds, T. (2014). Usefulness of MRI detection of cervical spine and brain injuries in the evaluation of abusive head trauma. Pediatr Radiol. 44(7), 839-48.

Klevens, J. & Leeb, R. (2010). Child maltreatment fatalities in children under five: Findings from the National Violent Death Reporting System. Child Abuse Negl. 34(4). 262-266.

Ludwig, S & Warman, M. (1984). Shaken baby syndrome: a review of 20 cases. Ann Emerg Med. 13(2),104-7.

Mager, R. & Pipe, P. (1997). Analyzing Performance Problems: Or, You Really Oughta Wanna--How to Figure out Why People Aren't Doing What They Should Be, and What to do About It. Atlanta: Center for Effective Performance.

McRury, J. M., Zolotor, A. J. (2010). A randomized, controlled trial of a behavioral intervention to reduce crying among infants. Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine, 23, 315–322.

Parks, S.E., Sugerman, D., Xu, L. & Coronado, V. (2012). Characteristics of non-fatal abusive head trauma among children in the USA, 2003-2008: application of the CDC operational case definition to national hospital inpatient data. Inj Prev. 18, 392-8.

Parks, S.E., Kegler, SR, Annest JL, Mercy JA. Characteristics of fatal abusive head trauma among children in the USA: 2003-2007: an application of the CDC operational case definition to national vital statistics data. Inj Prev. 2012;18:193-9.

Parks, S. E., Annest, J. L., Hill, A. H. & Karch, D. L. (2012). Pediatric abusive head trauma: Recommended definitions for public health surveillance and research. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Runyan, D. K., Hennink-Kaminski, H. J., Zolotor, A. J., Barr, R. G., Murphy, R. A. & Barr, M. (2009). Designing and testing a shaken baby syndrome prevention program – The period of PURPLE crying: Keeping babies safe in North Carolina. Social Marketing Quarterly, 15, 2–24.

Simonnet, H., Laurent-Vannier, A., Yuan, W., Hully, M., Valimahomed, S. & Bourennane, M. (2014). Parents’ behavior in response to infant crying: Abusive head trauma education. Child Abuse and Neglect, 38, 1914–1922.

Spies, E.L. & Klevens, J. (2016). Fatal Abusive Head Trauma Among Children Aged <5 Years — United States, 1999–2014. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 65, 505–509.

van Sleuwen, B.E., Engelberts, A.C., Boere-Boonekamp, M.M., Kuis, W., Schulpen, T.W. & L'Hoir, M.P. (2007). Swaddling: a systematic review. Pediatrics. 120(4), 1097-106.

Warner, N., McCans, K.M. & Levin AV (2017). Ocular Manifestations of Child Abuse. In The Eye in Pediatric Systemic Disease. 91-108.

Weiss, B., Mays, M. Z., Martz, W., Castro, K. M., DeWalt, D. A., Pignone, M. P., Mockbee, J., & Hale, F. A. (2005). Quick assessment of literacy in primary care: the newest vital sign. Annals of Family Medicine, 3, 514-522.