At the end of this course,
participants will able to:
- Describe the anatomy of
the normal heart with respect to blood flow to and from
- Identify prevalence of
ventricular septal defect (VSD) in the population.
- Compare and contrast the
flow of blood in the normal heart with blood flow in the
heart affected by VSD.
- Compare cyanotic heart
defects with acyanotic heart defects.
- Describe early effects of
large VSDs; include reasons why children with VSD are
prone to congestive heart failure (CHF).
- Distinguish later effects
of large VSDs.
- Explain why VSDs in
newborns are often not evident.
- List diagnostic tools used
to assess VSD.
- List symptoms of
congestive heart failure (CHF) in children.
- List 2 common medications
for CHF management and discuss actions of each
medication, pediatric dosages and precautions.
- Describe a palliative
therapy for VSD.
- Describe definitive
therapy for VSD including risks and benefits.
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