Taking a Respiratory History
Start your respiratory assessment by interviewing the patient and conducting a respiratory history. Starting the assessment with an interview helps you establish rapport with the patient and may lessen the patient's anxiety. During the history, you will be gathering information about the patient's current and any previous respiratory problems. You may interview the patient, and in some cases, family members or significant others. When doing your assessment, keep in mind these six important respiratory symptoms:
The following questions may be useful in taking a respiratory history:
Answers to these questions provide you with important information about the patient's current problem and background data that could be contributing factors to respiratory disease. Conduct the assessment in a comfortably warm room. Ask the patient to sit upright. During all aspects of the assessment, observe for fatigue or discomfort. Allow the patient time to rest if necessary.
In taking a history for
an infant, ask the parents about any episodes of respiratory distress, cyanosis,
apnea, sudden infantdeath syndrome (SIDS) in a sibling or other family member,
exposure to passive smoke, or a history of prematurity orm echanical ventilation.
In taking a history for a child, ask parents about any asthma history, including
factors related to asthma epidoses, adequacy of asthma treatment, and whether
or not the child has a history of night coughing, swollen lymphnode s, sore
throat, or facial pain.
If the patient is an older adult, ask the patient whether or not he or she has had an annual flu immunization and pneumonia vaccine. Ask about any recent changes in exertional capacity, fatigue, a change in the number of pillows needed to sleep at night, any significant weight change, or a history of night sweats, or hand or leg swelling.
After the interview is completed, proceed in an orderly fashion by following the steps of respiratory physical assessment: