Data from the literature varies regarding ethnicity and inhalant usage; Mosher, Rotolo, Krupski, & Stark (2004) found that race/ethnicity was a strong predictor of lifetime prevalence of inhalant use, with Native-American youth being particularly likely to use inhalants.
Conversely, Beauvais et al. (2002) found that inhalant use among American Indian adolescents has decreased over the last decade. They did find that a number of social and perceptual factors correlate with inhalant use across Mexican American, American Indian and non-Latino adolescents. Peer factors appear dominant, although they are somewhat less important for Mexican American and Indian youth. Increased perception of harm reduced inhalant amongst all groups.
"People from both urban and rural settings abuse inhalants. Further, research on factors contributing to inhalant abuse suggests that adverse socioeconomic conditions, a history of childhood abuse, poor grades, and school dropout are associated with inhalant abuse."•