A variety of health problems are associated with inhalant use. However, users are frequently reluctant to discuss the symptoms, which are often vague, a thorough assessment is necessary.

Inhalant abusers may be encountered in most health care settings, including schools, clinics, psychiatric or addictions counseling environments, emergency rooms and throughout the acute care settings. Sometimes inhalers are referred for healthcare assessment by the legal system or social service agencies.

The assessment process should include a history, physical, psychological and diagnostic evaluation.