Turnbull model is an educational one, focusing on special education services.
However, many of the opportunities for partnership outlined in the model have
implications for nurses working with families of children with disabilities.
- Communicating among
reliable allies. The obligations for reliable alliances will be covered
in the next section.
- Meeting families
basic needs. If the parents are unable to meet their childs basic
needs for food, clothing, shelter and safety, its impossible for them
to work on higher level goals. This topic will be covered in more detail in
- Evaluating for special
education. Depending on their particular role and job functions, nurses
may be more or less involved in the process of evaluating a child for the
early intervention or school systems. Nurses often make referrals for professional
evaluation, participate in portions of the evaluation, and teach the family
to advocate for the child during this evaluation process.
- Individualizing for
appropriate education and placement: Again, the nurses involvement
varies by job function. Nurse case managers may plan a key role in the IFSP
and IEP processes that dictate educational placement and services.
who work with families of children with disabilities have no role in the special
education decision-making process.