References

Abrahm, J.L. (2003, March). Pain control near the end of life. Pain: Clinical Updates, International Association for the Study of Pain XI (1): 1-6.

Ascension Health. (2005). Patient Self-Determination Act (PSDA). Retrieved June 25, 2005, from http://www.ascensionhealth.org/ethics/public/issues/patient_self.asp

Center for Disease Control. (1998, February 23). New study of patterns of death in the United States. Retrieved June 24, 2005, from http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/pressroom/98

Center for Disease Control. (2002). Deaths by place of death, age, race, and sex: United States, (GM309-2002) Retrieved per download [pdf] June 24, 2005, from http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/datawh/statab/unpubd/mortabs/gmwk309_10.htm

Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. (2003). Medicare Hospice Benefits. Washington, D.C.

Encyclopædia Britannica Editorial Board of Advisors. (2005). Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved per download November 21, 2005 from http://wwhttp://www.britannica.com.

Florida Agency for Health Care administration. (2005, January). Florida Medicaid: Hospice Services Coverage and Limitations Handbook. Tallahassee

Florida Agency for Health Care administration. (2004, February). Health Care Advance Directives: The Patient's Right to Decide. Tallahassee

Florida Department of Elder Affairs. (2005). Making Choices: A Guide to End of Life Planning. Tallahassee

Klessig J. (1992). The effect of values and culture on life-support decisions in Crosscultural Medicine: A Decade Later [Special Issue]. Western Journal of Medicine Sep; 157:316-322.

National Hospice & Palliative Care Organization. [Undated]. Hospice & Palliative Care. NHPCO. Retrieved June 23, 2005, from http://www.nhpco.org/i4a/pages/index.cfm?pageid=3253&openpage=3253

Panke, J.T. (2003, April 28). Difficulties in managing pain at end of life. Journal of Hospice and Palliative Nursing 5 (2): 82-90.

Reisfield, G. (2001, May). Pain management at the end of life (the hospice patient). Duval County Medical Society Online. Retrieved June 25, 2005, from http://www.dcmsonline.org/jax-medicine/2001journals/May2001/paincontrol.htm

Safe conduct team of the Safe Conduct Project. (2003). Non-Pharmacologic interventions for psychosocial, spiritual, & physical pain. Innovations in End-of-Life Care. Retrieved June 25, 2005, from http://www2.edc.org/lastacts/pain.asp

Safe conduct team of the Safe Conduct Project. (2000). Adjuvant Analgesics. Innovations in End-of-Life Care. Retrieved June 25, 2005, from http://www2.edc.org/lastacts/pain.asp

Safe conduct team of the Safe Conduct Project. (2003). Useful tools. Innovations in End-of-Life Care. Retrieved June 25, 2005, from http://www2.edc.org/lastacts/pain.asp

von Gunten, C.F., Ferris, F.D., Portenoy, R.K., & Glajchen, M., eds. (2001). CAPCManual: How to establish a Palliative Care Program. New York: Center to Advance Palliative Care. http://64.85.16.230/educate/content/elements/mhbeligibility.html

Weissman, D.E. (2001, September 9). End of life care eases pain and prepares patient for death. Healthlink, Medical College of Wisconsin. Retrieved June 22, 2005, from http://healthlink.mcw.edu/article/1001710698.html

West Virginia Center for End-of-Life Care. (2005). Advance Directive Forms and Laws. Retrieved November 14, 2005, from http://www.hsc.wvu.edu/chel/wvi/index.asp

West Virginia Code §30-3A-2. Limitation on disciplinary sanctions or criminal punishment related to management of intractable pain.

World Health Organization. (2005). WHO's pain ladder. Retrieved June 24, 2005, from http://www.who.int/cancer/palliative/painladder/en/

 


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