disorder, which sometimes develops into leukemia, is seen in 10% of neonates
with Down syndrome. Polycythemia is also common in infancy. But the most significant
forms of cancer in youngsters with Down syndrome is leukemia.
In younger children with Down syndrome, acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) and other lymphocytic leukemias are most common. Older children with Down syndrome are more likely to be diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
Nurses caring for these
children should report any signs of early leukemia to the primary health care
The good news is that leukemia
in children with Down syndrome usually responds very well to standard treatments,
and goes into remission readily. This information is important for nurses to
convey to the childs parents.