Long-term side effects of chemotherapy depend on the specific drugs received and whether the patient has received other treatments, such as radiation therapy. Permanent damage to some organs and systems, such as the reproductive system, may not be apparent until after chemotherapy is finished.
When young children receive chemotherapy for cancer treatment, it may affect their growth and development, including their ability to learn. The impact on a childs development varies, depending on the childs age, the specific drugs that are given, the dosage and length of treatment, and whether or not chemotherapy is used along with other types of treatment such as radiation.
Again, the ONS has excellent resources for side effects of chemotherapy. Please click here to read more about an Managing Cognitive Impairment in Children with Cancer.