References

American Heart Association Circulation Cardiovascular Drugs - Aspirin Awtry, H; Loscalzo, J. (2001) Circulation. 2000; 101: 1206-1218 Accessed online 12/06/13 http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/101/10/1206.full#sec-14

American Pain Society. (2003). Principles of Analgesic Use in the Treatment of Acute Pain and Cancer Pain. (4th ed.) Glenview, IL: American Pain Society, 1-49.

Cox., D.S. (2002). Definitions pertaining to pain management. In: St. Marie, B. (Ed). Core Curriculum for Pain Management Nursing. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 31-45.

Cowley, C. (2002). Forward. In: St. Marie, B. (ed). Core Curriculum for Pain Management Nursing. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, xv.

Dubin, A; Patapoutian, A. (2010) Nociceptors: the sensors of the pain pathway. Journal of Clinical Investigation. 2010;120(11):3760–3772

Elkins, G., Jensen, M., & Patterson, D. (2007). Hypnotherapy for the Management of Chronic Pain. Int J Clin Exp Hypn, 55(3), 275–287.

Glen, V.L., & St. Marie. B. (2002). Overview of pharmacology. In: St. Marie, B., (Ed). Core Curriculum for Pain Management Nursing. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 181-237.

Haanpaa, M; Treede, F-D. (2010) Diagnosis and classification of neuropathic pain. IASP Clinical Updates, 2010, 18:1–6.

Hamunen, K; Kontinen, V; et al. (2012) Effect of pain on autonomic nervous system indices derived from photoplethysmography in healthy volunteers British Jounal of Anaesthesia 108 (5): 834-44 (2012)

Herrero, J; Laird, J; Lopez-Garcia, J. (2000) Wind-up of spinal cord neurones and pain sensation: much ado about something?
Progress in Neurobiology 61 (2000) 169-203

Institute of Medicine (US) Committee on Advancing Pain Research, Care, and Education. Relieving Pain in America: A Blueprint for Transforming Prevention, Care, Education, and Research. National Academies Press (US); 2011.

International Association for the Study of Pain
Descriptions of Chronic Pain Syndromes and Definitions of Pain Terms - Second Edition (Revised)
Part III: Pain Terms: A Current List with Definitions and Notes on Usage
Accessed online 9/24/2013
http://www.iasp-pain.org/AM/Template.cfm?Section=Classification_of_Chronic_Pain&Template=/CM/ContentDisplay.cfm&ContentID=16283

Johannes, C; Le, T; et al. (2010) The Prevalence of Chronic Pain in United States Adults: Results of an Internet-Based Survey.
The Journal of Pain Volume 11, Issue 11, November 2010, Pages 1230–1239

Kam, P. (2009) COX-3: Uncertainties and controversies ScienceDirect Volume 20, Issue 1, February 2009, Pages 50–53

McCaffery, M. (1968). Nursing practice theories related to cognition, bodily pain, and man-environment interactions. Los Angeles: University of California at Los Angeles Students’ Store.

Mc Caffery, M., & Pasero, C. (1999). Pain: Clinical Manual (2nd ed). St. Louis: Mosby, 103-361.

Mc Caffery, M.,& Robinson, E.S. (2002). Your patient is in pain – here’s how you respond. Nursing 2002, 32 (10), 36-45.

Melzack, R. (2001) Pain and the Neuromatrix in the Brain Journal of Dental Education ? Volume 65, No. 12 Acessed online 9/23/2013 http://www.360nmt.com/pdfs/pain_and_the_neuromatrix_in_the_brain.pdf

Nicholson, B. (2006) Differential Diagnosis: Nociceptive and Neuropathic Pain
American Journal of Managed Care 2006;12:S256-S262
Accessed online 9/11/13
http://www.ajmc.com/publications/supplement/2006/2006-06-vol12-n9Suppl/Jun06-2326pS256-S262

Nimmo, S. (2004)
Benefit and outcome after epidural analgesia
Continuing Education in Anaesthesia Critical Care Pain
British Journal of Anaesthesia (2004) 4 (2): 44-47
Oxford University Press

Osterlund, H. (2002). Introduction to pain management nursing: Nurses as advocates for pain management. In: In: St. Marie, B. (ed). Core Curriculum for Pain Management Nursing. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 3- 4.

Patterson, D. R., Everett, J. J., Burns, G. L., & Marvin, J. A. (1992). Hypnosis for the treatment of burn pain. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 60, 713-7.

Schaible, H. (2006) Peripheral and Central Mechanisms of Pain Generation.
HEP (2006) 177:3–28 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Schulz-Stübner, S., Krings, T., Meister, I., Rex, S., Thron, A. & Rossaint, R. (2004). Clinical hypnosis modulates functional magnetic resonance imaging signal intensities and pain perception in a thermal stimulation paradigm. Regional Anesthesia & Pain Medicine, 29(6),549-556.

Spratto, G.R., & Woods, A.L. (2003). PDR Nurse’s Drug Handbook. Clifton Park, N.Y. :Delmar Thompson Learning, 116-127.

Syrjala, K. L., Cummings, C., & Donaldson, G. W. (1992). Hyponsis or cognitive behavioral training for the reduction of pain and nauseau during cancer treatment: A controlled clinical trial. Pain, 48, 137-46.

Treede RD; Jensen TS; et al. (2008)
Redefinition of neuropathic pain and a grading system for clinical use: consensus statement on clinical and research diagnostic criteria. Neurology 2008;70:1630–5.

Ueda, H. (2008)
Peripheral mechanisms of neuropathic pain – involvement of lysophosphatidic acid receptor-mediated demyelination.
Molecular Pain 2008, 4:11 
accessed online 12/1/13 http://www.molecularpain.com/content/4/1/11

Vadivelu, N; Hines, R; Urman, R.
Essentials of Pain Management
Springer, Feb 24, 2011

World Health Organization. WHO's cancer pain ladder for adults Accessed on line 12/17/13 http://www.who.int/cancer/palliative/painladder/en/

Yoshimura, M; Furue, H. (2006)
Mechanisms for the Anti-nociceptive Actions of the Descending Noradrenergic and Serotonergic Systems in the Spinal Cord.
Journal of Pharmacological Sciences 101, 107 – 117 (2006)