Heart Failure Module-1



Heart Failure: Prevalence and Prevention - Module 1 defines heart failure and discusses the lifestyle changes as well as pharmacologic and interventional strategies commonly recommended to individuals at high risk for heart failure. HF Module-2 will discuss management of symptoms associated with structural heart disease common to heart failure and its treatment. HF Module-3 will discuss the positive and negative psychological constructs associated with cardiovascular disease and HF.


Definitions

"HF is a complex clinical syndrome that results from any structural or functional impairment of ventricular filling or ejection of blood (2013 ACCF/AHA)."

Prevalence

Heart Failure (HF) is a significant public health problem effecting millions of patients in the United States. Risk factors for developing HF include age, race, overweight or obesity, diabetes, history of heart attack, familial cardiomyopathy and some congenital heart defects.

Lifestyle strategies including:

Pharmacologic treatment

Hypertension and coronary heart disease are strongly associated with HF. Seeking medical treatment for hypertension and adherence to the medical treatment plan are key steps in HF prevention.

Anti-hypertension medications may include

Anti-hyperlipidemia (statins)

Interventional strategies to repair cardiac condition before failure develops


REFERENCES


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